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Northwest Iowa Dairy Outlooks

A local discussion of current science and issues concerning dairying in northwest iowa

The Southwest Farm Press reports that U.S. cotton producers intend to plant 10.5 million acres in 2010, which is 15 percent higher than last year and the first increase in acreage after three straight years of declines. The increase is due to rising cotton futures prices plus lower expected returns for corn and soybeans.

According to USDA’s March 31 Prospective Plantings report, upland cotton acreage is expected to total 10.3 million acres, up 15 percent from last year. Growers intend to increase planted area in all states except Arkansas, Kansas, and Louisiana. 

 The largest acreage increase is in Texas where producers intend to plant 600,000 acres more acres of upland cotton than in 2009. American-Pima cotton growers intend to increase their plantings by 34 percent from 2009 to 190,000 acres.

Corn growers intend to plant 88.8 million acres of corn for all purposes in 2010, up 3 percent from both last year and 2008. Expected acreage is up in many states due to reduced winter wheat acreage and expectations of improved net returns.  The largest decreases are expected in Iowa, down 200,000 acres, and Texas, down 150,000 acres.

 All wheat planted area is estimated at 53.8 million acres, down 9 percent from 2009. The 2010 winter wheat planted area, at 37.7 million acres, is 13 percent below last year but up 2 percent from the previous estimate. Of this total, about 28.3 million acres are hard red winter, 6.0 million acres are soft red winter, and 3.4 million acres are white winter. Area planted to other spring wheat for 2010 is estimated at 13.9 million acres, up 5 percent from 2009. Of this total, about 13.3 million acres are hard red spring wheat. Durum planted area for 2010 is estimated at 2.22 million acres, down 13 percent from the previous year.

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