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Northwest Iowa Dairy Outlooks

A local discussion of current science and issues concerning dairying in northwest iowa

During the recent winter storms, producers may have suffered livestock losses due to the inclement weather. The 2008 Farm Bill created several disaster programs under the title “Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance”. One of the programs created was the Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP). This program compensates producers for livestock death losses in excess of normal mortality due to adverse weather that occurred on or after January 1, 2008 and before October 1, 2011.

Signup will begin when an eligible disaster is apparent. A notice of loss must be filed within 30 days of when the loss is apparent.

Eligible adverse weather events include: blizzard, ice storms, extreme cold and disease – when exacerbated by an eligible adverse weather that causes livestock deaths under LIP.

Eligible Livestock include: adult or non-adult beef cattle, non-adult dairy cattle, equine maintained for

commercial use as part of the farming operation, sheep, swine, goats, llamas and poultry.

The notice of loss must be filed 30 days after the loss is apparent.

Proof of death of livestock must be provided and may include: veterinary records, insurance documents, or a measurement service may be requested by the producer and completed by FSA.

Documentation must provide sufficient data that identifies: kind/type/weight range of livestock, number of livestock.

A third party certification may be accepted only when participant certifies in writing that no other form of proof of death is available and includes the number and physical location of livestock in inventory at time death occurs. Documentation must also be provided to support the number of livestock in inventory at the time the deaths occurred. The third party providing the certification must be a reliable source in a position to have knowledge of the dead livestock , the county Extension agent is eligible but a hired hand or family member are not eligible.

LIP payments to eligible livestock producers will be based on: seventy five percent of a fair market value, as determined by the Secretary, for each specific livestock category; producers’ eligible losses and calculations will be performed separately by eligible livestock (by type, kind, and weight range) and producer type.

LIP will pay up to $100,000 annually including any benefits received from SURE, LFP, & ELAP.

Producers are reminded that these losses do not include the normal mortality rate which is the percentage of livestock, that can be expected to die normally in a livestock operation, during the calendar year, as a result of disease, injury, or other causes that can routinely occur using good livestock handling practices. The normal mortality rate is established by the FSA State Committee in concurrence with state livestock organizations, Extension service, and other knowledgeable and credible sources for each type of livestock.

Additional information may be obtained at local FSA offices or through the Texas FSA Web site at


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