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Northwest Iowa Dairy Outlooks

A local discussion of current science and issues concerning dairying in northwest iowa

Category Archives: alfalfa

Our topography and soil types prevent most crop damage during flooding; however, time, temperature and plant growth status are major factors that affect the extent of crop damage after a flood. This may become an issue with a prolonged rainy period. A June or July flood, for example, is often much worse for crop survival than a spring flood. The warmer mid-summer weather increases the rate of damage and death to submerged plants. During spring flooding, temperatures are colder and plants can survive longer under water.

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New crop hay will start hitting the hay auctions in the next few weeks and it will be important for buyers to understand the value of accurate nutrient testing. Plus, now is a good time to review sampling protocols. Even the best nutritionist can’t balance a ration properly if he or she has flawed test information.

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The May USDA Crop Report showed hay stocks as of May 1 at 24.4 million tons, that’s a three percent decline or 750,000 tons less than last May, but remains as the third largest inventory since 2005.

Disappearance from December 1, 2016 – May1, 2017 totaled 71.4 million tons, compared with 69.9 million tons for the same period a year earlier.

With the exception of Nevada, hay stocks in most western States are estimated lower than in 2016. The majority of the eastern States reported higher stocks compared to the previous year due to the mild winter.

May 2017 Iowa hay stocks on farms totaled 630,000 tons, up from 620,000 tons in May of 2016.

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Rock Valley Hay Auction for Thursday, May 11, 2017

Receipts:  92 loads    Last Week:  76 loads    Last Year:  75 loads

Compared to last week:   Alfalfa and grass hay sold higher, bedding in good condition sold higher, poor quality bedding sold lower.

Alfalfa:  Premium:  Large Square,s 1 load 120.00; Large Rounds, 7 loads 100.00-122.50. Good:  Large Squares, 3 loads 85.00-95.00; Large Rounds, 8 loads 87.50-95.00.  Fair:  Large Rounds, 10 loads 72.50-80.00.  Utility:  Large Squares, 2 loads 62.50-70.00; Large Rounds, 7 loads 57.50-67.50.

Grass:  Premium:  Large Squares, 1 load 105.00; Large Rounds, 2 loads 110.00-120.00. Good:  Large Squares, 1 load 80.00; Large Rounds, 13 loads 80.00-95.00.  Fair:  Large Squares, 1 load 72.50; Large Rounds, 17 loads 60.00-77.50.  Utility:  Large Rounds, 3 loads 37.50-55.00.

Alfalfa/Grass Mix:  Good:  Large Squares, 1 load 105.00; Large Rounds, 4 loads 82.50-92.50.

Straw:  Large Squares, 2 loads 57.50-60.00.  Large Rounds, 4 loads 50.00-65.00.

Cornstalks:  Large Rounds, 5 loads 20.00-35.00.

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Rock Valley Hay Auction for Monday, Apr 24 2017

Receipts:  19 loads    Last Week:  24 loads    Year Ago:   19 Loads

Compared to last week:  Market was mostly steady on light offerings.  This report will not be available until November as this was the last Monday sale until November. Thursday sales continue throughout the year.

Alfalfa:  Good:  Large Squares, 2 loads 100.00-107.50.  Fair:  Large Squares, 1 load 85.00; Large Rounds, 7 loads 70.00-82.50.

Grass:  Good:  Large Squares, 1 load 75.00; Large Rounds, 4 loads 767.50-77.50.  Fair: Large Rounds, 2 loads 57.50-60.00.

Alfalfa/Grass:  Good:  Large Squares, 1 load 77.50.  Fair:  Large Rounds, 1 load 62.50.

Oat Hay:  None.

Straw:  None.

Corn Stalks:  None.

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Predictive Equations of Alfalfa Quality (PEAQ) provides an estimate of the quality, measured as Relative Feed Value (RFV), for the first cutting alfalfa standing in the field. Climatic variations impact alfalfa growth and development making it impossible to use a calendar date each spring to best determine when to harvest the first crop. The PEAQ method uses alfalfa stand height and maturity stage to estimate the RFV. It is most appropriate for good stands of pure alfalfa with healthy growth.

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Rock Valley Hay Auction for Thursday, Mar 23, 2017

Receipts:  72 loads    Last Week:  72 loads    Last Year:  74 loads

Compared to last week:   Alfalfa and grass hay sold at lower levels.  Interest and demand was light, with quality varying throughout the sale.

Alfalfa: Good:  Large Squares, 3 loads 95.00-112.50; Large Rounds, 2 loads 87.50-97.50. Fair:  Large Squares, 2 loads 75.00-80.00; Large Rounds, 15 loads 65.00-82.50.  Utility: Large Squares, 1 load 60.00; Large Rounds, 4 loads 55.00-60.00.

Grass:  Premium:  Small Squares, 1 load 140.00.  Good:  Large Squares, 2 loads 70.00-80.00; Large Rounds, 5 loads 80.00-90.00; Small Squares, 2 loads 82.50-85.00.  Fair:  Large Rounds, 14 loads 55.00-70.00.  Utility:  Large Rounds, 6 loads 45.00-50.00.

Alfalfa/Grass Mix:  Good:  Large Squares, 2 loads 75.00-82.50; Large Rounds, 1 loads 77.50. Fair:  Large Squares, 1 load 65.00.

Wheat Straw:  Large Squares, 2 loads 50.00-55.00.  Large Rounds, 2 loads 70.00-72.50.

Oat Straw:  Large Rounds, 2 load 40.00.

Cornstalks:  Large Rounds, 5 loads 30.00-35.00.

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