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Northwest Iowa Dairy Outlooks

A local discussion of current science and issues concerning dairying in northwest iowa

Category Archives: alfalfa

Rock Valley Hay Auction Report for Monday, Mar 13, 2017

Receipts:  23 loads    Last Week:  29 loads    Year Ago:   94 Loads

Compared to last week:  Market continues to sell at weaker prices levels, with light buyer interest.   Blizzard like conditions on Sunday brought 3-4 inches of snow with high winds to the area.

Alfalfa:  Fair:  Large Squares, 1 load 80.00; Large Rounds, 2 loads 75.00.  Utility:  Large Squares, 3 loads 37.50-55.00; Large Rounds, 7 loads 57.50-67.50.

Grass:  Good:  Small Squares, 1 load 90.00. Utility:  Large Rounds, 3 loads 40.00-60.00.

Straw:  Large Rounds, 4 loads 60.00-72.50.

Corn Stalks:  Large Rounds, 2 loads 37.50-45.00.

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A warm weather pattern in late February caused soil temperatures across most of Iowa to rise above 40 degrees F.  ISUEO Agronomist Brian Lang notes that this is was likely warm enough long enough for alfalfa and some forage grasses (most ryegrass varieties and the less winterhardy orchardgrass and tall fescue varieties) to break dormancy.  However, when low temperatures recur, alfalfa plants can reharden to a degree, but only to the extent that it still has stored carbohydrates available. Winter injury occurs either with enough warm-cold cycles to use up the carbohydrates, or if the temperature drops so rapidly that the plant does not have time to sufficiently reharden.

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Rock Valley Hay Auction report for Monday, Mar 6, 2017

Receipts:  29 loads    Last Week:  32 loads    Year Ago:   39 Loads

Compared to last week:  Alfalfa hay slightly higher, lower quality grass hay offered and market lower as well.  Prices dollars per ton, except where noted.  All sales FOB Rock Valley, Iowa, vicinity.

Alfalfa:  Good:  Large Rounds, 2 loads 90.00.  Fair:  Large Rounds and Squares, 7 loads 75.00-85.00.  Utility:  Large Rounds, 1 load 60.00.

Grass:  Premium:  Large Rounds, 1 load 105.00.  Good:  Small Squares, 1 load 90.00.  Fair:  Large Rounds and Squares, 10 loads 60.00-77.50.

Utility:  Large Rounds, 5 loads 50.00-57.50.

Straw:  Large Rounds, 1 load 57.50.

Corn Stalks:  Large Rounds, 1 load 37.50.

As I have been traveling in NW Iowa, I’m seeing standing water in fields and am wondering what how unusual warm temperatures will effect the stands. ISUEO Agronomist Brian Lang send out this link- it has lots of good information:

http://agronomy.wisc.edu/2014/09/04/fall-alfalfa-management-can-make-or-break-survival-says-dan-undersander/

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